The first vestiges of man in the Iberian Peninsula date back to the 9th century BC. Initially, these areas were inhabited by Celts, Basques and Iberians. The Iberian Peninsula was often invaded, among others. by Carthaginians in the 3rd century BC. One hundred years later, the Romans invaded this area, mainly due to the rivalry with Carthage. The local population underwent rapid Romanization.
In V in AD. The Visigoths expelled the Germanic tribes from the Iberian Peninsula and created a kingdom. They ruled almost the entire peninsula, except the Basque Country and the Germanic Suebi. The Visigoths fought wars with Germans and later with Byzantium. In 711. AD. they succumbed to the new invaders, the Arab troops. The fight of the Christians against the infidels began. The Visigoths took refuge in Asturias and Cantabria, full of mountains and inaccessible areas. From there they went against the Arabs. However, the Muslims managed to conquer almost the entire Iberian Peninsula.
The first leader to win the Arab army was the King of Asturias Pelayo. He did this at the Battle of Covadonga in 722, which is considered the beginning of the Reconquest. It was possible to expel the Arabs from the Iberian Peninsula and regain the lost land only at the end of the 15th century, after the fall of the Kingdom of Granada. Castile and Aragon arose from the small Christian kingdoms that fought against the Arabs, which later gave rise to Spain. These provinces were united in the 15th century through the marriage of Ferdinand II to Elizabeth I. From the 16th century, the rulers of the Habsburg dynasty ruled in Spain, and since 1700. – Bourbons.